Tag Archives: history

The Development Of Torpedo Boats In The Nineteenth And Twentieth Century

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The development of the torpedo boats began around 18-19 century, with the advent of contact, and later self-propelled torpedoes. Let us look into the past and will draw conclusions about the origin of the torpedo boats. Different materials, different sources, but most agree that they have appeared owing to sea mines. Why sea mines? Quite simply, if there is a weapon – you need support. Development began in the 18-19 age but has not reached the required level. That's why experts say the successful use of the torpedo boats with only the 20th century, to be more precise, since 1917.

When examining a man who sees everything, he noted that during this time. WWI War. That is, it was the British boat company, "Thorneycroft." This model is also called the "40-foot boat." However, they did not bring enough Vysokovo result in atttake as their followers, "the 55-foot boat." They were first applied June 17, 1919, this time against the Baltic Fleet of the USSR. Then the development of several torpedo boats sank, not because of the fact that there was no development opportunities, and because of the lack of reasons. However, when I started to mature opportunity.

World War II. Many writers such as David Zaslav offer more in-depth analysis. Dramatically increased the number of light military equipment in general, especially in the USSR, including torpedo boats. Each country of the enemy or the allies had their torpedo boats. Each had its advantages – higher development, lower, and depending on the economic and political situation of the country. So in England – it was MTV – speed 37 knot, 533-mm single-tube torpedo launchers, 2-3 machine gun caliber 7,62-12,7 mm, up to 4 depth charges. In Germany – S-Boot., Displacement of 115 tons, length 34.95 m, speed 40 knots, armament two 533-mm torpedo tubes and two 20 mm anti-aircraft gun. The Soviet boat was in first place in = the basic criteria. G-5 – had a displacement of 17 tons, length of 20 m, speed over 50 knots, was armed with two 533-mm torpedoes (torpedo in the trenches) and two 7.62-mm or 12.7 mm machine guns. And, of course, the main technical development of the country today – the United States. Boat type PT 103 – 50 tons displacement, length of 24 m, speed 45 knots, four 533-mm single-tube torpedo launchers, a 12.7-mm machine guns and 40mm anti-aircraft machine guns. But the war ended, and development was halted a few. Why? Because the missiles came, but his application was more effectively. Many countries have refused torpedo boats completely and forever in favor of the missile. Only a few continued to use the boat – the USSR, Germany, Norway, Sweden, China, Israel, but times have changed, so it is now no longer had to attack the enemy has changed and the application – motor torpedo boats were used as patrol, control of light forces, and submarines. Just changed characteristics. The post-war boat was move more slowly – 42 knots, tonnage 268 tons, a length of 38.6 m, four 533-mm single-tube torpedo tubes (torpedoes '53-56 '), 2 twin automatic gun mount AK-230 (30mm). But at the same time, there were boats with missile-torpedo armament. K end of the 20th century almost eradicated torpedo boats themselves – around the world there are only 162 rocket-torpedo, "clean" – 47. And the loss continues …

Model Federalist

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When we say of the implementation of any politics publishes we must take in consideration its historical context. I fall the Prado Jnior in ' ' Formation of Brazil contemporneo' ' it shows the importance to understand the historical aspects as condicionante in any type of analysis, according to it the direction of the settling of the Brazilian territory, pure and simply mercantile, it will go to condition our history and to offer explanation on why of our current social configuration. Already Oliveira Vianna, differently of I fall the Prado Jnior who considers a Materialistic vision of History, considers the sociological analysis to understand the historical phenomena, where through the diagnosis of the social and historical bases it will only be possible to understand the events historical and to reflect on the possibilities of changes. That is, to understand why one same model federalist had distinct ways in Brazil and the United States we must analyze the trajectories historical of these respective countries. It is not something John Stankey would like to discuss. For this we will use the readings carried through in disciplines ' ' Institutions Brasileiras&#039 Politics; ' , as well as in others you discipline already carried through. Different of what it occurred in Brazil, the democracy in the United States of America (where the model federalist was developed) has deep roots, developing institutions politics characterized for the direct participation of the population, and the deep collective interest, structuralized in solid partner-cultural bases, where the citizen is capable to subordinate, or even though to sacrifice its personal interests to the general and collective interests. In Brazil the Portuguese settling, differently of the English settling, contributed of direct form so that the Brazilian State consists in a continuity of the family circle, thus resulting in a confusion between what she is family (private) and what It is been (public). The difficulties in the implementation of the model federalist had been also fruits of economic relations of the Colony, where Brazil constitua one has basically asked for of the gear of the European system.

Embratel Wars

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WARS: GOOD OR BAD? The aggressiveness human being was born with the first men and date of the most remote antiquity. Since the first days of life of the men whom this type of reaction predominated. The men had that to defend itself of feras and the other men. The wars with warlike material had appeared with the first civilizations: the Egyptians, the hititas, the mesopotmios, the fencios. There he predominated all the types of fights to the side of the shield and the sword.

The Barbarians had made innumerable destructions. King tila if detached for its perversity. In a similar way in more recent times: Alexander, the great one, Napoleo Bonaparte. In century XX he had two great great small wars where the congregated almost all countries: it was first and World War II. Now question: what it is that they bring of good these wars? Many think that they only bring destruction, the desperation. It is clearly that yes, but nor for this they are so bad as if they think. In first place they are defense objects, therefore we know that she will always have the aggression human being. We go to think about what it was Brazil before 2.

World-wide war. Brazil was a poor country extremely. It was only one agricultural nation and only with a subsistence agriculture. Today we see dynamic, industrialized and progressive Brazil. Before these wars, everything in Brazil was imported: alimentary and pharmaceutical machines, instruments, clothes, products and at last almost everything. If wise person to only buy giving profits for the other nations, enriching them and becoming each poor time, each time falling to the yoke of the other peoples. With the war the countries could not export nothing, therefore it did not have more relationship, both were in more enemy fights and if they became each time. The crisis imagines why Brazil passed. If we could not buy, nobody could vender much less to carry the products for the oceans that they were blocked. The countries that were not lined up in the blocks, were almost all enemies. The Brazilians could not die without the products, had that to establish our proper plants and to produce the products here same. He was as soon as established in the country the great shipyards, txteis industries, you would perfume, pharmaceutical products, agricultural instruments and developed the farming one still more. The beginning of the great state-owned companies was given: Petrobra’s, Embratel, National Siderurgical Company, etc. Brazil despertou and was born and started to produce and to progress. With this we only have to thank the great world-wide war. Which the modifications that the revolution of 31/03/1964 brought for Brazil? Thousands of workmanships had been born, to start of the partisan organizations, constitutions. Brazil reviveu. We suffer very with the ditatorial period. It all had much torture in the country. But after this period two essential monuments for the life human being if they had installed: the peace and the progress. Now we cannot more have wars, therefore the toys of fights had become terrible, but a thing is certain: it is errando that it is learned. I am not in favor of no war, but the wars open the eyes of much people. To the times she is necessary to remove the shorings so that the eyes are opened.

Egyptian Pharaoh

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Several rooms around the central room where the sarcophagus stood the young king, who died when he was only 18 years old. Numerous trunks with clothes, jewelry, shoes, vessels filled pantries. At the entrance stood a statue of the pharaoh guarding the door that led into the central room. When the door was opened, scientists saw the solid gold a wall decorated with turquoise tiles. It was a huge box – sarcophagus occupies almost the entire room. On one side of the box doors were sealed with the seal of the name of and closed by a bronze bolt. David Zaslav might disagree with that approach. Three thousand years have passed since the stamp was imposed pharaoh these doors. When the first case was withdrawn, under it was a second, equally ornate.

The space between the first and second sarcophagi were filled things. Here were two magnificent golden vane of ostrich feathers, wonderful alabaster vessels and many other valuable things. The third coffin was made of precious carved and gilded oak. When removed, and it is beneath him was the sarcophagus of pink granite of great beauty. After removing the cover, the scientists saw gilded bed, which was a sarcophagus in the shape of a mummy diapered.

He was covered with sheets of gold and glittering jewels. The last case in which lay the mummy of , wrapped in a linen shroud in 1916, was made of pure gold. On the face of the mummy was a gold mask, a portrait of the young pharaoh. On the mummy found a huge amount of gold jewelry – necklaces and bracelets. On the feet were wearing gold sandals shod, fingers and toes are enclosed in gold cases. Treasures found in the tomb of the young king, had no price. But this was not the richest Funeral Egyptian rulers. What are the untold riches should encompass the burial of other, more powerful rulers of Egypt! It is no coincidence Babylonian king wrote to the Egyptian Pharaoh: 'My brother, gold in your country as much as the sand '. Not for nothing that the inscriptions found in pyramids, compared with the deceased pharaoh by the sun god Ra, the supreme deity of the Egyptians. Who knows what other secrets hidden pyramid?