There are two major paradigms that define learning; at the beginning of the 20th century Behaviorism that was based on observable behavior leaving aside the thoughts, feelings and reasons that the individual experiences but which are not observed. Later in the mid-20th century the emergence of cognitive psychology oriented his studies mental processes experienced by the subject and learning from this perspective analyzed. 1. BEHAVIORAL LEARNING. The behaviorist perspective is only interested in the external aspects of the conduct on the basis of the principle of the omnipotence of external stimuli, for them, bodily reactions, both determined by an external system of relationships, they are subject to psychological knowledge.(Rivera, S.
Forteza, M. and Rivera, I.). It based its study on behaviors that can be observed and medir(Godd y Brophy, 1990, citado por Merguel, B.1998) is for this reason that learning consisted of sense impressions of the outside through the senses (see, hear, touch, like) and then save it; Learn was to receive information and save it as which had been received.(Avolio, S. and M. Dolores). The current formulation of this approach lies in Skinner; who raises: behavior is functional and conscious (cited by first G.2005) i.e. to describe an episode of conduct, it may not be restricted to the Agency but that it is defined by its functional relationships and not by their morphology. A functional relationship is understood as that which occurs when a change in the independent variable results in a change in a dependent variable; but not as a relationship of cause and effect; rather it suggests that different events tend to occur in a certain order and in a certain way once known functional relationships; He says that behavior can be predicted if handler variables are known and behaviour can be controlled if handled those controlling variables; Consequently this poses the hypothetical internal States (motivation, thirst, feelings) are not causal variables. To broaden your perception, visit Eva Andersson-Dubin.