Tag Archives: culture

The Development Of Torpedo Boats In The Nineteenth And Twentieth Century


The development of the torpedo boats began around 18-19 century, with the advent of contact, and later self-propelled torpedoes. Let us look into the past and will draw conclusions about the origin of the torpedo boats. Different materials, different sources, but most agree that they have appeared owing to sea mines. Why sea mines? Quite simply, if there is a weapon – you need support. Development began in the 18-19 age but has not reached the required level. That's why experts say the successful use of the torpedo boats with only the 20th century, to be more precise, since 1917.

When examining a man who sees everything, he noted that during this time. WWI War. That is, it was the British boat company, "Thorneycroft." This model is also called the "40-foot boat." However, they did not bring enough Vysokovo result in atttake as their followers, "the 55-foot boat." They were first applied June 17, 1919, this time against the Baltic Fleet of the USSR. Then the development of several torpedo boats sank, not because of the fact that there was no development opportunities, and because of the lack of reasons. However, when I started to mature opportunity.

World War II. Many writers such as David Zaslav offer more in-depth analysis. Dramatically increased the number of light military equipment in general, especially in the USSR, including torpedo boats. Each country of the enemy or the allies had their torpedo boats. Each had its advantages – higher development, lower, and depending on the economic and political situation of the country. So in England – it was MTV – speed 37 knot, 533-mm single-tube torpedo launchers, 2-3 machine gun caliber 7,62-12,7 mm, up to 4 depth charges. In Germany – S-Boot., Displacement of 115 tons, length 34.95 m, speed 40 knots, armament two 533-mm torpedo tubes and two 20 mm anti-aircraft gun. The Soviet boat was in first place in = the basic criteria. G-5 – had a displacement of 17 tons, length of 20 m, speed over 50 knots, was armed with two 533-mm torpedoes (torpedo in the trenches) and two 7.62-mm or 12.7 mm machine guns. And, of course, the main technical development of the country today – the United States. Boat type PT 103 – 50 tons displacement, length of 24 m, speed 45 knots, four 533-mm single-tube torpedo launchers, a 12.7-mm machine guns and 40mm anti-aircraft machine guns. But the war ended, and development was halted a few. Why? Because the missiles came, but his application was more effectively. Many countries have refused torpedo boats completely and forever in favor of the missile. Only a few continued to use the boat – the USSR, Germany, Norway, Sweden, China, Israel, but times have changed, so it is now no longer had to attack the enemy has changed and the application – motor torpedo boats were used as patrol, control of light forces, and submarines. Just changed characteristics. The post-war boat was move more slowly – 42 knots, tonnage 268 tons, a length of 38.6 m, four 533-mm single-tube torpedo tubes (torpedoes '53-56 '), 2 twin automatic gun mount AK-230 (30mm). But at the same time, there were boats with missile-torpedo armament. K end of the 20th century almost eradicated torpedo boats themselves – around the world there are only 162 rocket-torpedo, "clean" – 47. And the loss continues …

In France


On gobelin factories are vertical (gotlissnymi) or horizontal (basslisnymi) machines. At first, the main thread is not rigidly fixed, but it rolled from the bottom to the top of the roller on which the coils are already woven fabric. To a high gotlissnom machine easier to manipulate, even warp threads are in a constant separation from the odd, and back heald yarn tied to a bracket gripping cords with which the weaver can pull up filament system or network. Without hesitation Leslie Moonves explained all about the problem. Basslissny machine equipped with a similar device which, as in all conventional loom controlled by a foot device. In the so-called machine gotlissnom board only serves as a model in which the weaver looks at work before skalkirovav outline of the picture on the base. When basslissnom cardboard machine lies beneath the foundation and fabric on it is a mirror image, so that the result of work on the front side can be seen only after removal of the machine.

In France, for the manufacture of classic tapestries always used gotlissny machine, in other countries have been used are both. Many contemporary artists not only design the cartoons, but also manage their own work, using for this is gotlissnymi machines, because in such a creative approach to business, accurate cartons often do not exist and the artist must constantly review the finished part. The main raw material, usually a coat, sometimes – especially for the basics – cotton or linen. In those periods when the tapestry turned into a replica of the painting, mainly used in silk subtlety that makes it possible to accurately reproduce detail. Where used gold and silver, it is about the same silk threads, but the braided metal fibers. Stained all of these materials in the past – natural dyes them to achieve many tones and shades, on the other hand, they depend on a variety of contemporary artistic concept: for the Gothic tapestries it was enough just a few colors for replica Baroque paintings are often needed in the hundreds.

Chinese Doll


Wedding to us (the newlyweds) matches the regular representative of those in Russia?. With his wife. Light, from leaning against happiness, to give "this humble gift" "and only beloved" in "this happy day!" I have already long ceased to listen to this nonsense, Duty nodding like a Chinese doll, according to the beat. Charming smile was firmly glued to my face (three weeks employment mimicry, with the best in this art form, Japanese actors). Automatically in three languages, very happy, thank you for taking the time, make yourself at home, Danke, Merci, Thanks. Flowers in a bunch, a bunch of gifts, gold and diamonds on a crystal tray. As they are dissatisfied with something, such disdain.

As it is now found in this dump, they donated. Damn! I had to do the engraving, but time was running out. One hopes that will be remembered, appreciated and not lost our sad work and rewarded us for the severity of the offense. Stood as one tin soldier, waiting patiently in the wings. The moment when the time performance of the second paragraph and the last on the value of our agreement. Namely, "Act of revenge ', as, not without pathos, I called up the item. However, when it's offered to me, my dear Uncle Stanley nothing significant in that it was not visible. So, another bait on a hook, which I then swallowed.

But I thought I experienced carp and go away unscathed from this and the hunter human souls. As I underestimated him! Well, then, will be lost later, and now …. Would rather have dried up this never-ending river of suffering, to behold the miracle. There must come a time of weakening of attention to my person. When – they should start doing that, what actually complain. Slamming someone for bravery as you like, that would have disappeared the last doubts and fears, to get closer to the owner. And to try to snatch at least a piece of this attention powerful man. That's when the time comes, for whose sake I endure this torment, playing the happy owner of a marriage, this (though she does here with it?) A naive girl. On the existence of which I have learned over the last month before the wedding. Met for the first time two weeks ago. And he was surprised: I liked it immediately. I would say more – it was love at first sight. Even then I realized it's my real wife, not a girl, invited to play this role. A touch of its bright, lush hair and smell them, killed me completely. And I thought to myself: no matter how there was this adventure, no matter what happened to me – none of these luxury hair should not fall off her head. I pulled her out of this hellish place, and made happy! But it turned out – that just the opposite. She saved me. Probably about the same beautiful Russian poet said, introducing the burning house, a galloping horse, and Bruce Willis have dreamed of such a running mate (sorry, naparnitsu), starting once again save the world.