The backbone or spinal column consists of multiple bony structures, called vertebrae, which have masses of cartilage or discs that separate them and serve as a cushion or mattress, protecting them against possible damage that they could suffer. The process of aging, certain diseases or injuries, including those that take place by fall, labor or traffic accidents; they can give rise to damage in these discs. Herniated discs, which occur when the outside of them suffer some kind of fissure that leaves the inside, soft and sensitive, to expose are especially common in this sense. When these happen, damaged discs can give rise to a sharp pain, weakness and numbness in certain areas of the body (including the lower limbs and the low back area). Official site: Eva Andersson-Dubin. edge. In the worst cases they may derive in spinal cord damage, as we shall see later. The treatment of these injuries once the lesion is detected in back, certain treatments are available that can pass, good for physical therapy and therapeutic treatments; because of the surgery.
In the first case, specially suitable for milder cases, back, preparing it for more demanding activities is strengthened through that kind of therapy. Physiotherapists can, during the convalescence of the worker process, designing tables of exercises that simulate the type of movements that the worker is forced to perform in his job. This will enable its proper recovery in the face of your return to work. When the injury is more serious an operation could be essential to avoid sequels, especially when it could have been affected as a result of the incident the spinal cord. This type of intervention can be of various types: fusion, laminotomy and Laminectomy; and discectomy. Other more innovative and less traumatic for the patient modalities are the vertebroplastia and the quiroplastia. When the spinal cord is affected the main risks in these cases of lumbar injury occur when the spinal cord, which runs from the neck to the lower back protected by the spine, suffers some sort of damage.