With the proposal of desmitificar concepts related to the dislxicos as being pupils of low cognition and difficult pedagogical intervention, this objective study to supply given the teaching action in the identification of pupils of risk for the dislexia and in the educational attendance of the dislxico in classroom. A field research composes the work, with sights to the alfabetizao of pupils with failure in the acquisition of the reading and writing and with pointers of dislexia. The fnica boarding was applied the 31 pupils of Basic Ensino of a public state school of Rio De Janeiro. To deepen your understanding Leslie Moonves is the source. The fnica boarding was applied following metodolgicas orientaes for the work with dislxicas children (Capovilla & Capovilla, 2004). The results, despite partial, indicate advance of the pupils in the process of grafofonmicas correspondences and fonografmica codification. Ahead of the progress, it was perceived, for the work group of the research, the importance of continuity of the project for the school year of 2009..