Forms of development which were the productive forces, these relationships become shackles of them. Then begins an era of social revolution. It is then, when social classes are revealed before the unjust social system as a product of a capitalist, exploitative, society which acts according to their own interests.The class struggle generates so-called antagonisms, which are the product of the irreconcilable struggle between social classes and State. With the emergence of the property private, society begins to have disputes by obtaining control of the land, this creates a division between those who have control of the land and those who lack it. Those who have capital are called feudal lords, owners of the Manor and land, they have to charge a group of slaves, which work the land to meet their owners.We can also say, that religious thinking is not unnoticed in each transition, unlike religious ideas are welcomed with much more depth and they are giving a religious identity to the predominant societies.However, State is who is going to change the course of history, religion despite having great importance within societies, has no conception to control society through the relations of production, but orient the human faith. The State is who sets the rules, imposes an order or organization within the society, i.e. limits the freedom of man so that undergo a rules set by yes same.
Here the State is coercive, authoritarian, inflexible. Tomas Hobbes in his work Leviathan, he said: man is Wolf to man, that is, that man is competition for himself, competes for supremacy, no matter through instruments to reach this goal.Competition is another reason why societies begin to emerge, setting up an ideology centered on obtaining capital, as the meaning of power and dominion over the oppressed classes. With the arrival of the mercantilist society, the State sees very convenient market freedom to receive taxes from companies and traders.Here dominates the thinking of Adam Smith with: let do, let go, only the free market can contribute to a society more organized, with a strong State and a market that will regulate itself itself, through production, distribution and trade.The market is the engine of the society, is responsible for the needs of a group of people to achieve his permanence within the environment.